Prenatal screening for HIV can inform use of interventions to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) previously found strong evidence that prenatal HIV screening reduced risk of mother-to-child transmission. The previous evidence review was conducted in 2012.
Christopher C. Colenda, MD, MPH, William J. Scanlon, PhD, Richard E. Hawkins, MD discuss a vision for the future of Continuing Board Certification. Diplomates began to raise concerns about MOC that focused on value and relevance to their practices, burden associated with test preparation and redundant practice improvement requirements, time away from practice and family, examination costs, and failure to account for increasing sub-specialization.
Dimitri A. Christakis, MD, MPH writes an excellent article about “Digital Addiction” in Children.
In the 2013 edition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) (DSM-5) identified “internet gaming disorder” as “a condition in need of further study.” The World Health Organization recognized “gaming disorder” as a diagnosable condition in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). The appellation—gaming disorder—is a misnomer because it does not include social media or nongaming applications. Still the emerging phenomenon of “digital addiction” represents a real and potential widespread problem that defies easy solutions or prevention strategies.
Exercisers can burn slightly more body fat with interval training than moderate-intensity continuous training, according to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Although the differences in fat loss weren’t huge, the interval workouts were shorter, which could make it easier for people to adhere to them.
In the span of 2 weeks in March 2019, 2 students who survived the mass shooting that occurred in February 2018 at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, and the father of 1 of the young victims of the mass shooting that occurred in December 2012 at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, died by suicide. Drawing direct individual-level causal connections between mass shootings and suicide deaths cannot be done with certainty; however, these 3 deaths painfully underscore the potential long-lasting consequences of gun violence generally and mass shootings specifically.
This article, written by Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, MD, MPH, PhD, Douglas F. Zatzick, MD, and Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH, is disturbing – showing the realities of gun violence and its long-term effects.
This article, appearing in the April 23, 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports that from 2001 through 2016, the estimated prevalence of sitting and watching television or videos for at least 2 hours per day generally remained high and stable. The estimated prevalence of computer use during leisure time increased among all age groups, and the estimated total sitting time increased among adolescents and adults.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is domestic violence by a current or former spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. IPV can take a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic and sexual abuse.