Long-Lasting Consequences of Gun Violence and Mass Shootings

In the span of 2 weeks in March 2019, 2 students who survived the mass shooting that occurred in February 2018 at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, and the father of 1 of the young victims of the mass shooting that occurred in December 2012 at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, died by suicide. Drawing direct individual-level causal connections between mass shootings and suicide deaths cannot be done with certainty; however, these 3 deaths painfully underscore the potential long-lasting consequences of gun violence generally and mass shootings specifically.

This article, written by Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, MD, MPH, PhD,  Douglas F. Zatzick, MD, and Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH, is disturbing – showing the realities of gun violence and its long-term effects.

You can access the article on the JAMA network by clicking HERE. 

Trends in Sedentary Behavior Among the US Population, 2001-2016

This article, appearing in the April 23, 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports that from 2001 through 2016, the estimated prevalence of sitting and watching television or videos for at least 2 hours per day generally remained high and stable. The estimated prevalence of computer use during leisure time increased among all age groups, and the estimated total sitting time increased among adolescents and adults.

You can read the article or download it in PDF format by clicking HERE.

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is domestic violence by a current or former spouse or partner in an intimate relationship against the other spouse or partner. IPV can take a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic and sexual abuse.

Statistics about IPV can be seen by clicking HERE.

To download the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Intimate Partner Violence toolkit, click HERE.

Measles in 2019 — Going Backward

 

_Measles

This article SHOULD wake everyone up. Measles is no laughing matter – and it is highly contagious. You can access the article by clicking HERE.

In 2000, the United States achieved a historic public health goal: the elimination of measles, defined by the absence of sustained transmission of the virus for more than 12 months.

This achievement resulted from a concerted effort by health care practitioners and families alike, working to protect the population through widespread immunization.

Unfortunately, that momentous achievement was short-lived, and localized measles outbreaks have recently been triggered by travel-related introductions of the virus by infected persons, with subsequent spread through undervaccinated subpopulations.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 555 cases of measles in 20 states had already been confirmed from January 1 through April 11, 2019 (see graph). The increase in measles cases in the United States mirrors patterns elsewhere: several other countries that had eliminated measles are now seeing resurgences.

Why Are Mothers Still Passing Syphilis to Their Babies?

Rita Rubin in the February 26, 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association writes an interesting and somewhat disturbing article.

She writes, “In 2017, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) a record 918 US neonates—64 of them stillborn—were infected in utero or at delivery by their mothers with syphilis.

Nearly eliminated more than a decade ago, syphilis has been making an alarming comeback in recent years in women, men, and newborns. While men account for more than 90% of cases, only women can pass Treponema pallidum, the bacterium that causes syphilis, on to their offspring, and the rise in congenital syphilis cases has paralleled the increase in syphilis cases in women of reproductive age.”

You can access the JAMA article by clicking HERE.