Screening for HIV Infection in Pregnant Women

Prenatal screening for HIV can inform use of interventions to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) previously found strong evidence that prenatal HIV screening reduced risk of mother-to-child transmission. The previous evidence review was conducted in 2012.

You can access the report by clicking HERE.

New Federal Requirements to Inform Patients About Breast Density. Will They Help Patients?

This article, appearing in the June 18, 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) is written by Nancy L. Keating, MD, MPH and  Lydia E. Pace, MD, MPH.

As primary care physicians adapt to the challenge of individualizing breast cancer screening decisions, they now must also grapple with how to address breast density.

You can access the full article by clicking HERE.

Vision for the Future of Continuing Board Certification

 Christopher C. Colenda, MD, MPH,  William J. Scanlon, PhD,  Richard E. Hawkins, MD discuss a vision for the future of Continuing Board Certification.  Diplomates began to raise concerns about MOC that focused on value and relevance to their practices, burden associated with test preparation and redundant practice improvement requirements, time away from practice and family, examination costs, and failure to account for increasing sub-specialization.

You can access the article by clicking HERE.

The Challenges of Defining and Studying “Digital Addiction” in Children

Dimitri A. Christakis, MD, MPH writes an excellent article about “Digital Addiction” in Children.

In the 2013 edition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) (DSM-5) identified “internet gaming disorder” as “a condition in need of further study.” The World Health Organization recognized “gaming disorder” as a diagnosable condition in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Eleventh Revision (ICD-11). The appellation—gaming disorder—is a misnomer because it does not include social media or nongaming applications. Still the emerging phenomenon of “digital addiction” represents a real and potential widespread problem that defies easy solutions or prevention strategies.

You can access the full article by clicking HERE.

For Fat Burning, Interval Training Beats Continuous Exercise

Exercisers can burn slightly more body fat with interval training than moderate-intensity continuous training, according to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Although the differences in fat loss weren’t huge, the interval workouts were shorter, which could make it easier for people to adhere to them.

You can read the entire article from the Journal of the American Medical Association by clicking HERE.

Long-Lasting Consequences of Gun Violence and Mass Shootings

In the span of 2 weeks in March 2019, 2 students who survived the mass shooting that occurred in February 2018 at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, and the father of 1 of the young victims of the mass shooting that occurred in December 2012 at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, died by suicide. Drawing direct individual-level causal connections between mass shootings and suicide deaths cannot be done with certainty; however, these 3 deaths painfully underscore the potential long-lasting consequences of gun violence generally and mass shootings specifically.

This article, written by Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, MD, MPH, PhD,  Douglas F. Zatzick, MD, and Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH, is disturbing – showing the realities of gun violence and its long-term effects.

You can access the article on the JAMA network by clicking HERE. 

Trends in Sedentary Behavior Among the US Population, 2001-2016

This article, appearing in the April 23, 2019 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports that from 2001 through 2016, the estimated prevalence of sitting and watching television or videos for at least 2 hours per day generally remained high and stable. The estimated prevalence of computer use during leisure time increased among all age groups, and the estimated total sitting time increased among adolescents and adults.

You can read the article or download it in PDF format by clicking HERE.