Effect of a Behavioral Intervention for Underserved Preschool-Age Children on Change in Body Mass Index – – A Randomized Clinical Trial

Question: What is the effect of a 36-month multicomponent behavioral intervention for obesity prevention on body mass index (BMI) trajectories in underserved preschool-age children at risk for obesity but not yet obese?
Findings: In this randomized clinical trial that included 610 parent-child pairs from underserved communities, the mean BMI in both the intervention and control groups was 17.8 at 36 months, with no significant difference in BMI trajectories.
Meaning: The behavioral intervention was not effective in this low-income minority population.

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